Hannah Scott – Post One: Weeks Two

Post One: Week Two

 

Jacqueline Novogratz discusses many pressing topics in her TEDtalk about poverty. During the talk she sheds light on that there is a big opportunity to end poverty. On the macro level over 4 billion people make less then $4 a day. We categorize these people under the poverty line; these people make a living buy working in factories and farming. They pay for water and healthcare, the crucial services that is needed to survive. However they are paying 30 to 40 times more than what the middle class is paying for the same crucial services. So how do we fix it? “ The only way to end poverty and to make it history is to build viable systems on the ground that delivers crucial and affordable good and services to the poor in ways that are finically stable and scale-able” (Novogratz 2005)

The Economics of Poverty, as explained by J. Novogratz (2005)

In Africa there are a number of people dying of malaria daily, Novogratz declared that producing mosquito nets and selling them for $5 is a growing industry in Africa. “ We have to build businesses models that matter, are scale-able and that are diverse for people for all over the developing worlds who fit in this category to do it themselves” (Novogratz 2005) Just like you and I we enjoy the need to feel like we earned something rather than it just being handed to us. There is still a long way for developing countries, like Africa, but there is hope that one day we will be able to put poverty in the past.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s) were designed to relieve the social and economical problems worldwide in countries that are seeking help. It was intended to raid  the most urgent problems such as poverty, hunger, equality, and many more. “Sustainable development is also a normative outlook on the world, meaning that it recommends a set of goals to which the would should aspire”.  (Sachs, The age of sustainable development) The influence that it had on neo- Liberalism was that because of the cutting of government spending promoted by the World Bank and IMF by putting them up a leg. When doing so they are developing conflict and adding to the unfavorability.

John McAuthor criticizes the “players on the bench” in Own the goals. He first criticizes George W. Bush for AIDS relief  and how his emergency plan for AIDS relief has made improvements. While the plan was parallel with MDG, but did not have the same views. “Bush even endorsed the UN Millennium Declaration and the Monterrey agreements, but he refused to support the MDGs, largely because his administration viewed them as UN-dictated aid quotas” (McAuthor 2013) He also went on to criticize Washington, refusing to use the term MDG ( Millennium Development Goals) due to aversion being so strong and did not want to lose that. “By refusing to directly engage with the MDGs in their early years, the United States missed an opportunity to highlight its contributions to development efforts and foster international goodwill.” (McAuthor 2013) Criticizing the World Bank McAuthor suggest that even though framework for senior political levels has championed it did not do much of the ground work for MDG.”The bank, as a main interlocutor with the developing world, should have helped poor countries assess how they could achieve the MDGs and sounded the alarm about donor financing gap” (McAuthor 2013)

With the focus on more aid money, the article “How to Help Poor Countries” helps understand the problems and suggestions. So is donating money the solution? “…the bureaucracies of donor states and organizations have been unable, despite good intentions and constant resolve, to change the political incentives and constraints that impede the reform of their aid-delivery apparatuses.” (Birdsall, Rodrik & Subramanian, 2005) However the money will only last so long, more of a long term solution would be to suggest more sustainable option. By helping these countries with their economical and social problems we can begin to develop a more concrete countries.

References:

McArthur, J. (2013). Own the Goals. Foreign Affairs

Birdsall, N., Rodrik, D., & Subramanian, A. (2005). How to Help Poor Countries. Foreign Affairs

 

 

 

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