1. The poor are the people making less than four dollars a day, four billion people… They are the farmers, factory workers, people that work for the government, and drivers. These people are paying 30-40 time the amount middle class people pay for housing, food, and water. These people if given the opportunity they will take it and do great things. These people might be poor, but they are smart.Malaria is a Disease that kills up to three million people a year but there are up to 500 million cases reported a year, this is costing Africa 13 Billion dollars a year to the Disease. A way to help get these numbers down is five-dollar mosquito nets. The problem is that people are not helping and the cost to save a life is only five dollars, five dollars. What could do not spend five dollars on to save a life? “Only way to end poverty, to make it history is to build viable systems on the ground that deliver critical goods and services to the poor in ways financially sustainable and scalable.” (Jacqueline Novogratz TEDGlobal 2005) This is the main way to end poverty to build roads and to have business for people to make a living at.
2. The goals of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to guide the courses of economic and social development. This would be including widespread economic progress, to eliminate poverty, strengthen the community with social trust, and protecting the environment from human cause degradation. Government must be strongly in place to take care to health care, education, policing, and utilities. The effect of neo-liberalism by cutting spending by the government promoted by the world bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) that the government is not spending their money to help their country making the government look weak.
3. Players on the bench meaning that these are the people that are there and see what is going on, but they are not contributing anything to help. The “Players on the Bench” are The United States and The World Bank. “By refusing to directly engage with the MDGs [Millennium Development Goals] in their early years, the United States missed an opportunity to highlight its contributions to development efforts and foster international goodwill” (McArthur 5). McArthur criticizes The United States for not solving international issues The World Bank has been a player on the bench because of resentment of the UN. Also the World Bank prioritizes economics over social issues, thus they are more apt to help a failing economy. McArthur criticizes The World Bank because “the MDGs spurred a major budgetary expansion for the International Development Association, the branch of the bank devoted to supporting the poorest countries” (McArthur 6). The good thing now is that The United States and The World Bank are no longer just players on the bench, they are players in the game.
4. More aid money is it helping? Well according to the authors of “How to Help Poor Countries” that more money is just not going to help because some countries do not have the leadership to spend the money wisely. “countries most in need of aid are often those least able to use it well” (pg 7). The countries that are in the worst conditions have very little government and cannot spend the money well. Another problem with just money here and there is that these governments do not know when or if they are going to get aid so it is very hard to plan this into their budgets. The Authors suggest that wealthy nations must lift the burdens they impose on the poor. These are trade agreements are very costly to the poor countries and the money the poor people that using to buy medicine are going to the profits of pharmaceutical companies. They also suggest that big wealthy nations help with getting rid of corrupt leaders and assisting with development with their country.