Jacqueline Novogratz defined poverty as a condition of choice and lack of freedom. Jacqueline talks about a woman named Jane to help explain her definition of poverty and the overall purpose of the video. Jane was a very poor woman who was at the lowest point of her life, and her initial choice of dealing with poverty was prostitution. She believed there was no other way and the embarrassment consumed her. However, Jane eventually chose to sell dresses for special occasions as well as jewelry. Jacqueline explained how people need a way of getting themselves out of poverty, rather than just given a hand. She used Jane as a great way to explain her point. Sam said that instead of helping people like a nurse would and giving out pills, she gives them hope and gives them a reason and a way to succeed and overcome poverty. Jacqueline also encourages all people to become a bigger part fixing the poverty level by engaging in giving the less fortunate more opportunities.
Sustainable development is an approach to help solve global issues. The Sustainable Development Goals is to help guide the future course of social, economic, and environmental development on the planet. As the worlds population continues to increase, it is essential that there needs to be a framework that the world puts in to action in order to negate the gap between the rich and the poor from expanding. For book explains how big corporations greatly make an impact on the economic and climate conditions in society. However, they do so in a negative way, increasing the gap between rich and poor and worsening our climate. Neo-liberalism is worsening the lives for the less fortunate, as it favors free- market capitalism. With government spending promoted by the World Bank and IMF being cut, less fortune are going to the poor and there is no security for the poor. People in poor countries with neo-liberalism are basically on their own to supply for themselves because there is less government funding from companies like World Bank and IMF.
John McArthur calls George W. Bush (US), Washington, and the World Bank the players on the bench. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) attempted to cut the global extreme poverty level in half by 2015. However, none of the players acknowledged the MDGs. McArthur explains how Bush supported the Millennium Challenge by promising a 50 perfect increase in foreign aid, implemented the Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS relief, and endorsed the UN Millennium Declaration and the Monterrey agreements, but failed to endorse the MDGs originally. McArthur states believes that George Bush and the United States in general failed to increase its contributions in development and could have made a bigger impact in the international goodwill. Washington, like George W. Bush, failed to acknowledge the MDG. McArthur explains how “Washington missed easy opportunities to build political capital for solving much thornier and divisive international issues” (McArthur 5). McArthur explains The World Bank could have also done a better job by “helping the poor countries assess how they could achieve the MDGs and sounded the alarm about donor financing gaps” (McArthur 6).
The article “How to Help Poor Countries” does not just emphasize the importance of more aid and money, but they explain the significance of figuring out a plan to be economically successful for the long term. The article explains how most of the countries that are desperate of aid are the ones who fail to use it accordingly. In many cases, the way the money and aid is being used is more important than how much of it you have. The article explains how there needs to be more of a push in helping poorer countries with their leadership, as many of them are corrupt. The article also expresses how the wealthier countries need to stop making certain medicine and necessities so expensive for the poorer countries. Aid is extremely important for rebuilding nations and helping achieve certain goals, but for long-term health worldwide, its role is not as well defined.
Jeffrey Sachs, The Age of Sustainable Development
John W. McArthur, Own the Goals
Birdstall et al, How to Help Poor Countries