1. In Emerging Countries, Radelet expresses how many countries in Africa are beginning to prosper into a more developed nation. Radelet explains the perspective that many people have on Africa is a rather negative one, and speaks about how there are specifically seventeen countries beginning to emerge. Radelet believes that these seventeen countries should not be considered into the negative connotation that Africa seems to have, as there is good news that is starting to transpire. Radelet states that “more democratic and accountable governments, more sensible economic policies, the change in the nature of the debt crisis, new technologies, and the emergence of a new generation of political, economic, and social leaders” (Radelet, 2010), are the main factors leading to more stability and improvement within the seventeen countries. Radelet believes that the countries seeking emergence through these factors “should not be lumped together and dismissed as part of a disastrous whole” (Radelet, 2010), as they do not deserve to be in the same negative stereotype as the other struggling counties in Africa. Radelet uses Mozambique as an example of explaining the prosperity of the seventeen emerging countries. Radelet states that Mozambique’s” GDP has grown a remarkable 7.5 percent per year for 15 years, one of the fastest growth rates in the world (Radelet, 2010). He also goes on to explain the increase of school enrollment as well as a spark in Mozambique’s finances. Radelet is clearly confident in the evolution of the seventeen countries and believes that constant attention toward the five factors listed previously will continue to lead to good news for the seventeen countries.
2. The Millennium Villages Project seeks to better the communities of fifteen rural African Countries with issues in poverty, economics, education, etc. The Millennium Villages Project highlights struggle that many villages in Africa are going through, as Africa as a whole is the poorest continent in the world. The MVP believes that by continuing to act towards the issues these villages face, they can resolve the communities struggles.
Gumulira is a Millennium Village that continues to make progress. Gumulira has a population around 7000 people and about 25% work in agriculture. Although farming is the main occupation in Gumulira, the village lacks access to many required resources to farm. With the help of the MVP, Gumulira will have access to more water as well as their third health center. Education continues to increase,the issue of HIV has been identified, and the MVP groups strive to resolve it. The GDP has jumped immensely from 2003, but Gumulira Malawi still remains one of the poorest countries in the world. The MVP believes that with rigorous effort, Malawi will continue to better as a whole.
Although the intentions of the Millennium Village Project’s leader, Jeffrey Sachs,means well, he does get a lot of criticism for some of the ways he has gone about eradicating poverty in Africa. In an article by Jeff Tollefson, Sachs’ projections for how to help these suffering villages have been handled the wrong way and are coming to a quick halt. Tollefson explains how the MVP will not have enough money to go with the ongoing plan to limit poverty. Many critics believe that the money should have been handled differently from the very beginning. One of MVP’s biggest critics states, “aid money should be spent either on projects that generate useful knowledge or on things that have been shown to work” (Tollefson 2015). From an outside perspective, regardless of what critics or anyone has to say, it is a positive sign going forward that issues in these impoverished countries are starting to be identified and worked on.
Tollefson, Jeff. “Millenium Villages Project Launches Retrospective Analysis.” Nature.com. Macmillan Publishers, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017.
“Millennium Villages | Gumulira, Malawi (2006-11).” Millennium Villages | Gumulira, Malawi (2006-11). N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017.
Radelet, S. (2010). How 17 Countries are Leading the Way. https://bblearn.missouri.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-3161794-dt-content-rid-31263441_1/courses/SP2017.GERMAN.4810.01/Emerging%20Africa%20Tip-Toc-Ch1.pdf
Radelet, Steven. “Emerging Africa: How 17 Countries Are Leading the Way.” Emerging Africa: How 17 Countries Are Leading the Way. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017.