Progress & Shortcomings in Africa
This blog post will explore the “Cheetah’s” generating positive impacts across Africa, how the food policy needs to be adjusted in certain countries and Namibia’s progress as a country.
Part I: Explain the meaning of the cheetah generation and the hippo generation and how these terms refer to a different way of looking at democracy and civil society.
A “Cheetah” is the new generation of African leaders and entrepreneurs who are seeking to redefine Africa through democracy, transparency, good governance, respect for basic human rights, accountability and private sector economic opportunities by fostering strong connections with each other and the world (Radelet, 2010). There is no defined “cheetah,” but the majority are young men and women who are well-educated, living in urban areas or small villages. The cheetah generation is sick of the old ways of doing things with a drive to move their countries in a new direction. The “old ways of doing things” describes the hippo generation who are slow-moving people stuck in the past complaining about colonialism and imperialism. Many of the hippo generation leaders are corrupt power-hungry people who foster conflict and stagnation rather than promote change and growth in Africa. In turn, the cheetah’s want to invigorate change.
- How is nutrition a problem for the poor? Why do we need to rethink food policy?
Nutrition is a problem for the poor because when given the option to spend their money on nutritious food, they instead spend it on sugary, processed food that tastes better. The poor are also using less of their income on food and more on luxuries such as weddings, festivals, TVs, and radios. If poor people ate more nutritious food that gave them sustainable energy, there is greater potential for a productive work day that would increase income. But, many jobs have a set base pay for the day with no incentives that say “the more work you finish, the greater the income.” If this were the case, the poor would feel more inclined to purchase food that would sustain them.
The food policy right now is hung up on the idea that all the poor needs is cheap grain. This isn’t necessarily true and this is why we need to rethink the food policy. Banerjee and Duflo suggest creating food that tastes good but has nutrients enhanced in the food because quantity is becoming less important and quality more important. Its no longer enough to just give the poor more money because the poor do not eat any better when their incomes go up. There also needs to be an increased focus on the nutrition for unborn babies and young children. This includes providing greater deworming pills, iodized salt and fortified fish sauce. This could lead to a lifetime income gain of $3,269 USD PPP.
- Why are witch-hunts still occurring?
Witchcraft is blamed for any tragedy that can’t be explained such as an unexpected death of a child and so witch hunts still occur because communities believe that when they kill witches they are defending themselves from malevolent, unexplainable forces (Fessenden, 2015). It is also prevalent still because everybody believes in it in the community, which reinforces the belief. The prime minister, the police chief, scholars etc believe in witchcraft and the necessity for witch hunts. If high up leaders and protectors of communities believe in it, then it’s hard to be the minority population, who realizes the crime and immorality of witch hunts, and speak out against the powerful majority.
Part III: explore country – Namibia
My country that I’m assigned to is Namibia. According to the World Bank data, their GDP is 11.492 billion with a population of 2,458,836 as of 2015.The population that is living below the national poverty line is 28 percent but that was as of 2009. As of 2014, their life expectancy rate was about 65 years old. Their GNI per capita in 2015 was 5,190. According to the UNDP, The Namibian economy has an average growth rate of 4.3 percent with an unemployment rate of 29.9 percent and HIV prevalence of 16.9 percent. Namibia’s current president is Hage Geingob. Their former president made efforts to end corruption in the government but their is still misconduct by government officials, it still has a way to go. The rule of law is weak and the judicial system suffers from a lack of resources and delays (Economic Freedom). The main concerns for Namibia according to Economic Freedom Index are property rights, corruption and financial freedom. Namibia has its successes as well too though. They have had a relatively high level of political stability, trade and monetary freedom, and foreign direct investment in the mining sector.
**782 words before Works Cited**
Fessenden, M. (2015, October 30). Why Do Witch Hunts Still Happen? Retrieved from: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/why-do-witch-hunts-still-happen-180957106/
Marnchoy. (2015, March 23). We are not witches. Retrieved from: http://youthvoices.net/discussion/modern-day-witch-hunt-0
World Bank Data. (2016). Nambia. Retrieved from: http://data.worldbank.org/country/namibia
UNDP. (2015). Summary of Poverty and Deprivation in Namibia 2015. Retrieved from: http://www.na.undp.org/content/namibia/en/home/library/poverty/nimdpovmao2015.html
The 2016 Index of Economic Freedom (2016). Namibia. Retrieved from: http://www.heritage.org/index/country/namibia#rule-of-law