A “Cheetah” or the cheetah generation according to Emerging Africa: How 17 Countries are Leading the Way by Steven Radelet, as the new generation of young Africans that look at Africa’s issues and in a new way. These “cheetahs” are leaders and entrepreneurs focused on good governance, human rights, and economic opportunities. The hippo generation is the “slow or old moving generation” is the generation that is stuck in the past and think about issues in the “old ways”. The “hippos” are creating problems for Africa only to benefit from it. “Cheetahs” are trying to change this and make their world a better place.
“The typical poor household could spend up to 30 percent more on food than it actually does if it completely cut out expenditures on alcohol, tobacco, and festivals” (Banerjee & Duflo 23). This is showing that poor people have choices but sometimes do not make the best choices, this might be because they do not know any other way. “A Poverty Trap” the poor get poorer and the rich get richer. This is happening because the poor are not eating enough food to do hard work, while as the rich eat well and build strength letting them do more work. If the poor could eat as much as they wanted (more than just to survive) they could become healthier and be able to work harder and get more money to buy more food, but they are only eating enough food to survive.
The food policy needs to be changed, currently we are focusing on the amount of food that people are eating, but not actually what the food that they are eating is. A change needs to be to the quality of food that people are eating with good nutrition and not just “beans and rice”.
Witch-Hunts according to Banerjee and Duflo happened because certain people had crop failures or did not have a good season of fishing these people were killed because they did not bring enough food in and that when there are less people to feed in a shortage of food that was the best for them. Most of the people that were killed were single women and widows this somewhat makes sense because they did not bring a lot of food in because they did not have a man with them to help.
Part 3 Nigeria:
The county that I was assigned was Nigeria. According to World Bank data Nigeria has had a real fast increase in GDP from $46 Billion in 2000 to $568 Billion in 2014, this a great increase in GDP in only 14 years. Nigeria’s population has been steadying increasing overtime without any spikes. Nigeria has a 85% of their population enrolled in primary education in 2015. Life expectancy has been increasing from 37 years old in 1960 to about 53 years old in 2015, this is still a pretty low life expectancy. As of 2009, 46% of the Nigeria population is living below the poverty level, this is pretty bad for about half of the country is living in a bad situation.
The sustainable development goals that Nigeria is focusing on is access to clean water, child mortality, income poverty and school enrollment. Nigeria is doing pretty good with school enrollment with 85% enrollment. It is hard to say about child mortality but overall life expectancy has gone up so I could this as a plus to better health for the children.
“After lurching from one military coup to another, Nigeria now has an elected leadership. But the government faces the growing challenge of preventing Africa’s most populous country from breaking apart along ethnic and religious lines” (BBC 2017). This is showing that Nigeria is changing up to a new government with a leader the people have chosen from the old way of “military” groups running the country, I believe this is a great start for a new beginning for Nigeria.
Banerjee, Abhijit V., and Esther Duflo. Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty. New York: PublicAffairs, 2011. Print.
“Nigeria Country Profile.” BBC News. BBC, 19 Jan. 2017. Web. 07 Feb. 2017.
“Sustainable Development Goals.” UNDP in Nigeria. United Nations Development Program, n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2017.
“World Bank Data – Nigeria.” World Bank Data. N.p., n.d. Web.