Zach Post #4 – Nigeria’s Presidential Cheetah, Freedom, and Heath Investments

Part 1:

A “Cheetah” or the cheetah generation according to Emerging Africa: How 17 Countries are Leading the Way by Steven Radelet, as the new generation of young Africans that look at Africa’s issues and in a new way. These “cheetahs” are leaders and entrepreneurs focused on good governance, human rights, and economic opportunities. My country of focus is Nigeria, in the past for presidents they have been having the same “old” people come in and out of office and nothing has been changing until now with the newest president Muhammadu Buhari.  I have chosen Muhammadu Buhari and his political party The All Progressive Congress (APC) as one of the “cheetahs” in Nigeria. Muhammadu Buhari is an older person (74 years old) but has these different ideas than the “old” way of doing things.  Muhammadu Buhari has run for presidency many times (2003, 2007, 2011) but has lost those elections.  Muhammadu Buhari has been saying that the government is corrupt and that needs to be changed. The corruption comes from the “gangs” that have been controlling the government. The All Progressive Congress has many great things, they are focusing on a better National Security, Peaceful Conflict Resolution, Nation Unity, Social Harmony, Job Creation, Growth Centers for Industrialization, Enhancing Education, Prioritize HealthCare making it more accessible, Environmental regulations, and empowering women. These are all great ways to start “fixing” Nigeria. Muhammadu Buhari isn’t young but he is young minded like the “cheetahs”.

Democracy “a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representative”. A Democracy is what we have in the United State, we get to vote on our leaders. The United States is one of the freest countries in the world. Democracy is judge by Political Rights and Civil Liberties

According to Think Tank Freedom, Nigeria is a partly free country their aggregate score is a 48 out of 100 (0 = worst, 100 = best), Freedom score is 4.5, Civil Liberties 5, Political Rights Screen Shot 2017-02-14 at 7.59.11 PM.png4 (1= most free, 7=Least free). Nigeria has been becoming more free recently with the 2015 election with the president of Muhammadu Buhari which I talked about earlier. Muhammadu Buhari is combating corruption, leading in defeating the militant Islamist group Boko Haram, and he is making better living standard for his people of Nigeria.

 

Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI) is active in Nigeria, YALI is active in training young people in leadership, entrepreneurship, and professional development.

 

Part 2:

What are effective health investments?

“Every year, nine million children under five die from preventable diseases such as diarrhea and malaria. Often, the treatments for these diseases are cheap, safe, and readily available. So why don’t people pick these ‘low-hanging fruit’? Why don’t mothers vaccinate their children? Why don’t families use bednets, or buy chlorinated water? And why do they spend such large amounts of money on ineffective cure instead?” Banerjee and Duflo talk about how good health investments can prolong life and let you have a better life. We have these “low hanging fruits” (health care items) which are easily accessible but many people are not choosing these options to help their health. Some answers to the questions Banerjee and Duflo ask can be that there is not a good way to get the supplies needed, a lack of trust in the product or people selling it, or the already low price is just too high for them and they buy other things that are not necessarily needed for their health.  Anyways good health investments are Vaccinations, mosquito nets, clean water (or cleaning their water), de-worming medicine, and sanitation. Sanitation is a big factor on a good health investment. Sanitation can be body sanitation, taking care of your body cleaning infections. Also sanitizing your water with boiling or using bleach.

 

 

 

References:

Banerjee, Abhijit V., and Esther Duflo. Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty. New York: PublicAffairs, 2011. Print.

Nigeria.” Freedom House. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2017. <https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2016/nigeria&gt;.

“About | YALI Network.” U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2017. <https://yali.state.gov/yali-africa/&gt;.

 

 

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