The historic foundation that the jihadi movement is dates back to the 1950’s when many Muslim countries got their independence. When these countries gained their independence, they did not know what to do with leadership. The problem was that the leadership was in the power of Westernized elites, this arose to conflict. The 1979 Islamic revolution sparked in Iran, which the “militant jihadis who brought the Soviet empire to its knees” (Sardar and Davies 115). When the Soviet empire was defeated many new nations came in to the Muslim world. The jihadis were trying to create a good Islamic state. “The Taliban literally student regime in Afghanistan was an attempt to implement that vision (Sardar and Davies 115).
Sharia, Islamic law was established when the fundamentalist gained power. “The Sharia… is still in practice today, and owes very little to the Qur’an” (Sardar and Davies 117). This is a problem because if it had not really come from the Qur’an it should not be taken as “laws from god” but it is taken that way. “The sharia is intrinsic to Islam and therefor has a claim on the allegiance of all Muslims” (Sardar and Davies 120). It is odd that sharia laws is essential to being a Muslim because it has not come from the Qur’an, it has come from other leaders trying to gain power over people
“Puritan fundamentalists are concerned with the crime and punishment part of the sharia, or what is known as the hudud laws. (Sardar and Davies 118). Hudud laws are the punishment, the punishment is the most extreme punishment that is given for certain laws broken. An example of a hudud punishment is that a thief should get their hands cut off so they cannot steal anything again. I do not believe that the fundamentalists were obsessed with punishment. “fundamentalists are only concerned with hudud punishments as demonstrable proof that the state is enforcing the whole of Islam” (Sardar and Davies 118). This being said, I believe that they only used punishments as a way of using a scare tactic. They would do it when a person committed a crime, the reason that they did it was to show other people that if you break the law, you will be punished and humiliated. They are using this tactic to make people not commit crimes. The sharia is trying to change by these actions of stoning, beheading, and cutting of body parts.
There are also problems between what sharia law says and what the Qur’an says about women rights. “The Qur’an provided women with explicit rights to inheritance, to property, testify in court of laws and rights to divorce” (Sardar and Davies 121). Sharia law did not also this to happen, it was pretty much striping the rights away from women.
Islamic Feminism is about equality in the family. “Islamic feminist discourse has made two potentially useful theoretical advances: (1) breaking down the notion that the sphere of the family constitutes a separate domain positing instead a continuum of private/family and public/society; and (2) dismantling the notion that Islam ordains a patriarchal construction of the family” (Badran 78). While Western Feminism is about the individual rights of women in political roles, economic roles and social roles, and equality of sexes. Islamic Feminism has been a good tool to show that gender inequalities exist in Islamic societies and communities. Islamic Feminism came from Sisters in Islam they are scholar activists. “Sisters in Islam proceeded from women’s real-life experience to Qur’anic investigation. They took up the issue of wife-beating, for example, and demonstrated that the Qur’an did not condone the practice as many have been led to believe” (Badran 81).
From Islamic feminism to a Muslim Holistic feminism.pdf from https://bblearn.missouri.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-3161660-dt-content-rid-31263463_1/courses/SP2017.GERMAN.4810.01/From%20Islamic%20feminism%20to%20a%20Muslim%20Holistic%20feminism.pdf
Davies, Merryl Wyn., and Ziauddin Sardar. The No-nonsense Guide to Islam. Oxford: Ni, 2008. Print.